Carpet Cleaning Solutions
Home comfort cannot be achieved without the cleanliness and order. Even the creative chaos rejects dirt and dust. And the good housewife knows about it. While cleaning a major source of trouble is the carpet. It absorbs odors, collecting dust, dirty and all that affects its aesthetic appearance. To achieve the successful carpet cleaning need not only to take into account the type of material and the kind of pollution, but also to choose the most appropriate way to clean. Do you want to learn the most effective carpet cleaning solutions? Then go ahead!
Types of carpet
Choosing of cleaning method and cleaning agent, you need to pay attention to the pile composition and carpet manufacturing process. There’s a high probability of causing irrevocable damage to this wonderful piece of furniture, of course, if you use the wrong cleaning solution. To avoid this, we consider the types of carpet and features of their cleaning more detail.
Wool carpets come to our country from Turkey, Iran, China, Nepal, Azerbaijan and other countries of the East and the Caucasus. Practicality of carpet depends on the wool quality and durability of dyes used in the manufacture. Handmade wool carpet cleaning involves mechanical and chemical effects on the product. Various dyes have unequal resistance to aqueous solutions of cleaning agents and organic solvents.
Natural pigments generally quite resistant, however, due to high prices rarely found in modern carpets. Today, aniline dyes are the most common. Under the influence of external factors, this kind of color tarnishes with age. There’re carpets with a weakly fixed aniline dyes, which float even from the clean cold water. In some cases, the color may be ripped off using an organic solvent during the dry carpet cleaning. Chrome color is a very high quality. Their price is higher, but they’re resistant to UV light, chemical impacts and can preserve the brightness for many years.
Almost everything that was said about the handmade wool carpets can be referred to silk carpets. However, improper handling can lead to loss of gloss, abrasion, visible lanes and other mechanical damage. Dry cleaning of silk carpets requires the use of special techniques. Silk fiber consists of two types protein, namely, fibroin and sericin. Its structure also includes waxes, fats, salts of potassium, calcium, sodium, etc.
Silk fibers are losing 10% of its strength when wet. The structure of the silk fiber is destroyed by the majority means for cleaning. Therefore, there’re special techniques of silk carpets cleaning. Its meaning lies in the selection of specific compounds that minimally impact on silk fibers and dyes, under temperature conditions and related modes of drying. At home, it’s practically impossible to clean such carpet without breaking technology, so much easier turn to professionals.
Carpets of factory production
Wool carpets manufactured in the factory are relatively easy to clean. In industrial dyeing for wool used mainly resistant acid dyes. Therefore, such wool carpet can be spoiled only if you don’t comply with the cleaning technology.
It’s very difficult to clean the carpets made from the untreated flax fiber or other vegetable origin fibers (except cotton). Such fibers emit large amounts of natural colors and very strongly absorb different dyes to form spots. Attempts to elimination such spots are doomed to failure, since lead to the disruption of natural colors and brightening clean place.
In the late 19th century, was invented an excellent way of processing vegetable fibers in electrolytes, to give them shine and similarity to silk. The process is called mercerization, and the fibers processed in this manner are called mercerized. This technology is complex and expensive. After processing, flaxen and cotton fibers are like viscose or silk. It is much easier to choose a carpet cleaning solution for such specially treated fibers.
Synthetic carpets cleaned most effectively. They’re highly durable, resistant to mechanical and thermal effects. They’re very resistant to the effects of even the most aggressive chemicals. Accordingly, synthetic carpets easier to clean and difficult to spoil.
Methods of carpet cleaning
There are four basic carpet cleaning solutions:
- Vacuum cleaner with a special nozzle. Under certain conditions, such cleaning may be enough. There’s no need to use special shampoos for carpets and other cleaning products. Regular cleaning always involves the use of a vacuum cleaner;
- Dry cleaning. The main active ingredient is a powdered absorbent. Dry carpet cleaning is suitable for delicate woolen and silk coverings. But this way doesn’t fit for people with allergies and those who are sensitive to certain chemicals;
- Steam cleaning. Professional companies are very fond of this cleaning method. The detergent is dissolved in water and then applied to the carpet in the form of hot steam. Some time later, use a vacuum cleaner. Thus, dirt particles linked with the steam sucked from the carpet depth;
- Foam cleaning. At first you need to vacuum the carpet. Further should be used carpet cleaner as foam (10% moisture content). Then the carpet should be vacuumed. It’s important to avoid excessive wetting of the surface.
Secrets of stain removal
Spots on the carpet is one of the main problems and solve it by yourself isn’t always possible. In general, the spot must be removed as soon as they came, because over time, they become more resistant. At first you must collect a spilled liquid, dabbing the stain from the edges to the center. Because if you try to get wet the stain from the center to the edges, it will increase in size. Then better to use the method of steam cleaning. This solution allows you to remove the most difficult stains such as red wine. However, this method will be useful only to quickly remove stains.
Buying strengths chemical agents should consider the type of cloth. Not every agent can remove a spot without damaging the appearance of the coating. The most difficult types of stains are those which consist of oil and grease. Better to contact a professional company if you aren’t confident in your knowledge and capabilities. Since only with special equipment can be fully revive the carpet. It will be not only very clean, but also safe for health, because dust mites lose their living environment.
When you choose a carpet cleaning solution should be remembered that a lot depends on the type of pile. A cleaning agent must also comply with the material from which made the carpet. Delicate surfaces and handmade products are best left to professionals because they require an individual approach. Regular cleaning is a prerequisite for preserving the attractive appearance of your carpet. Do it at least once a week, while general cleaning best carried out about twice a year. Take good care of your carpet, because it creates a cozy and very warm atmosphere in your home!